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SPIE Digital Library Terms of Use

Connect to SPIE Digital Library

NOTE: Authorized Users of this product are defined as the faculty, staff and students of Northeastern University and other individuals to whom Northeastern allows legal access to the library’s collections and facilities on-site.

Authorized Users are permitted online access to the Library and the licensed material contained therein, and may download, save, or print text, search results, or other information from the Library solely for their private use, teaching or research. The Authorized Users may only use this online access in a way that conforms to all applicable laws and regulations.

SPIE grants the Authorized Users permission to use brief quotations from the content of the licensed materials with the customary acknowledgment of the source, and to copy and transmit content from individual papers or articles in “person-to-person” and non-systematic scholarly exchanges of information between Authorized Users and specific individuals.

Client agrees to fulfill Interlibrary Loan requests in compliance with Section 108 of the United States Copyright Law (17 USC 108, “Limitations on exclusive rights: Reproduction by libraries and archives”) and clause 3 of the Guidelines for the Proviso of Subsection 108(g)(2) prepared by the National Commission on New Technological Uses of Copyrighted Works (CONTU). The following conditions and restrictions apply:
1. Only a hard copy printed from the electronic files or as provided in a secure electronic environment such as Arial, of the licensed material may be supplied to such others person or libraries. Except as noted above, under no circumstance may an electronic paper or article file be transmitted in digital form by the Client to any person not officially associated with the Client.
2. Neither Client nor an Authorized User may supply a paper or article to any person or entity on a commercial, revenue-generating basis without full payment of the Publisher’s royalty, as indicated by the Item Fee Code for each publication.
3. No paper or article may be supplied to a corporation or other non-academic institution without full payment of the Publisher’s Item Fee or royalty.
4. Client may not remove, obscure or modify copyright notices that are part of an article to be printed and supplied to another person or entity.

Other than as provided in Section 4 of this Agreement, the Sites shall not knowingly permit anyone other than Authorized Users to use the Licensed Materials. Altering, recompiling, reselling, publishing or republishing of any paper or journal text, output search result, or other information from the Licensed Materials, or any portion thereof, in any form or medium, is prohibited.

Systematic or programmatic downloading, printing, transmitting, or copying of the Licensed Materials is prohibited. “Systematic or Programmatic” means downloading, printing, transmitting, or copying activity of which the intent or the effect is to capture, reproduce, or transfer the entire output of a proceedings or journal volume, a issue, or topical section, or sequential or cumulative search results, or collections of abstracts, articles, or tables of contents. Other such systematic or programmatic use of the Licensed Materials that interferes with the access of Authorized Users or that may affect the performance of the SPIE Digital Library system, for example, the use of “robots” to index content, is prohibited. Redistribution of the Licensed Materials, except as permitted in Section 4, without permission of SPIE and/or payment of an Item Fee or royalty to SPIE or to the Copyright Clearance Center, is prohibited.

All rights not expressly granted herein are reserved to SPIE. The Sites and Authorized Users may not circumvent SPIE’s access control systems or use SPIE’s systems or services to make any attempt to gain unauthorized access to any other system or network.

SPIE shall not be required to distribute, and Sites shall not redistribute, the licensed material or any article therein to a country to which export is prohibited by U.S. law or regulation.

Client further recognizes and agrees that misuse or abuse of the Licensed Materials can bring financial harm to SPIE and that such harm would be difficult to quantify, and it therefore agrees that, in the case of such misuse or abuse by Client or its Authorized Users, SPIE may seek injunctive relief in a court of competent jurisdiction and that SPIE would be entitled to reimbursement for court costs and attorney fees for successful action for injunctive relief.

The licensed material and their contents, including abstracts, are copyrighted by the Publisher. This material is subject to all applicable copyright, database protection and other rights of the stated owner and Publisher under the laws of the United States and other countries. Copyright notices in the Licensed Material and its articles may not be removed, obscured, or modified in any way. Unauthorized copying or redistribution of any content licensed herein is a violation of copyright laws.

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