How do I cite?
Different disciplines use different documentation styles.
Consult your instructor or publisher if you are not sure which one to use.
Is there software to help manage my citations?
Yes! Both EndNote  and RefWorks  are licensed for use by current NU faculty, staff, and students. Either program can help you collect and manage your references, and auto-format citations and bibliographies in your papers.
Frequently Used Style Guides
- AIP (American Institute of Physics  manuscript guidelines
- AMA Manual of Style  (American Medical Association, Current NU Only, login required off-campus)
- Annals 
- APA  (Diana Hacker and Barbara Fister)
- APA Update 2010  (Purdue OWL)
- ASA (Purdue OWL)
- CSE  (Diana Hacker and Barbara Fister)
- Chicago Manual of Style 
- Chicago  (Diana Hacker and Barbara Fister)
- IEEE  examples and editorial guidelines
- MLA  (Diana Hacker and Barbara Fister)
- MLA Update 2009  (Purdue OWL)
- Turabian  (University of Chicago Press)
Why do I need to cite?
Using footnotes, bibliographies, and similar strategies serves two main purposes:
1. It gives credit to the person who created the idea.
2. It allows your readers to locate the sources you used, therefore they can read or judge them for themselves.