Frequently Used Style Guides
- AIP (American Institute of Physics) manuscript guidelines
- AMA Manual of Style (American Medical Association, NU login required off-campus)
- Annals (PDF) (AAG)
- APA 6th (Purdue OWL)
- ASA (Purdue OWL)
- Chicago Manual of Style (NU login required off-campus)
- IEEE examples and editorial guidelines
- Turabian (University of Chicago Press)
How do I cite?
If you are writing a paper or assignment, consult your instructor about the proper style used in your discipline.
If you are writing for publication, check the author guidelines on a publisher's web page for the required style.
Why do I need to cite?
Using footnotes, bibliographies, and similar strategies serves two main purposes:
1. It gives credit to the person who created the idea.
2. It allows your readers to locate the sources you used, so they can read or judge them for themselves.
Is there software to help manage my citations?
Yes! EndNote and RefWorks are licensed for use by current NU faculty, staff, and students. Zotero is an open source product that the library supports. Any of these three programs can help you collect and manage your references, and auto-format citations and bibliographies in your papers.
(Choose just one of these programs; they are not meant to be used at the same time.)